Tuesday, June 19, 2007

Iwo Jima and the Flag

Cropped famous photograph "Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima" taken by Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal who photographed five Marines and a U.S. Navy corpsman raising the U.S. flag atop the 166 meter (546 ft) Mount Suribachi.
The photo is actually of the second flag to be raised on the mountain. The first flag was taken as a souvenir by a high ranking Navy Officer James Forrestal. The picture became the iconic image of the battle, and the most reproduced photograph of all time.[
There are six Flag Raisers: the front four are (left to right) Ira Hayes, Franklin Sousley, John Bradley and Harlon Block, and the back two are Michael Strank (behind Sousley) and Rene Gagnon (behind Bradley).
=> Mike Strank (born: 1919 Jarabenia, Czechoslovakia. died: 1945 Iwo Jima, Japan.)
=> Harlon Block (born: 1924 Yorktown, Texas. died: 1945 Iwo Jima, Japan.)
=> Franklin Sousley (born: Sept. 19, 1925 Hilltop, KY. died:March 21, 1945 Iwo Jima, Japan.)
=> Ira Hayes (born: Jan. 12, 1923 Sacaton, Arizona died: Jan. 24, 1955 Bapchule, Arizona)
=> Rene Gagnon (born: Manchester, N.H. March 7, 1925 died: Manchester, N.H. Oct. 12, 1979)
=> John Bradley (born: July 10, 1923 Antigo, WI. died: January 11, 1994 Antigo, WI.)
John Bradley, a quiet, private man, gave just one interview in his life. In it he said . . . "People refer to us as heroes-I personally don't look at it that way. I just think that I happened to be at a certain place at a certain time and anybody on that island could have been in there--and we certainly weren't heroes--and I speak for the rest of them as well. That's the way they think of themselves also". He avoided discussion of his war record saying only that the real heros were the men who gave their lives for their country.
The Global Media reported the death of a World War II icon on January 11, 1994 at the age of 70. But his hometown newspaper best captured the essence of Bradley's life after the war:
"John Bradley will be forever memorialized for a few moments action at the top of a remote Pacific mountain. We prefer to remember him for his life. If the famous flag-raising at Iwo Jima symbolized American patriotism and valor, Bradley's quiet, modest nature and philanthropic efforts shine as an example of the best of small town American values." - Editorial 'The Antigo Daily Journal'
Ira Hayes was a Pima Indian. When he enlisted in the Marine Corps, he had hardly ever been off the Reservation. His Chief told him to be an "Honorable Warrior" and bring honor upon his family. Ira was a dedicated Marine. Quiet and steady, he was admired by his fellow Marines who fought alongside him in three Pacific battles.
When Ira learned that President Roosevelt wanted him and the other survivors to come back to the US to raise money on the 7th Bond Tour, he was horrified. To Ira, the heroes of Iwo Jima, those deserving honor, were his "good buddies" who died there.
At the White House, President Truman told Ira, "You are an American hero." But Ira didn't feel pride. As he later lamented, "How could I feel like a hero when only five men in my platoon of 45 survived, when only 27 men in my company of 250 managed to escape death or injury?" Ira tried to drown his "Conflict of Honor" with alcohol. "I was sick. I guess I was about to crack up thinking about all my good buddies. They were better men than me and they're not coming back. Much less back to the White House, like me."
In 1954, Ira reluctantly attended the dedication of the Iwo Jima monument in Washington. After a ceremony where he was lauded by President Eisenhower as a hero once again, a reporter rushed up to Ira and asked him, "How do you like the pomp & circumstances?" Ira just hung his head and said, "I don't."
Ground fighting on the island took place over approximately 35 days, lasting from the landings of February 19th to a final Japanese charge the morning of March 26, 1945.
At 02:00 on February 19, battleship guns signaled the commencement of the invasion of Iwo Jima.
Soon 100 bombers attacked the island, followed by another volley from the naval guns. Although the bombing was consistent, it did not deter the Japanese defenses, as most of the Japanese positions were very well fortified and protected from shelling.
At 08:59, one minute ahead of schedule, the first of an eventual 30,000 Marines landed on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima.
The initial wave was not hit by Japanese fire for quite some time, as it was the plan of Japanese General Kuribayashi to hold fire until the beach was full of American marines. Only after the front wave of Marines reached a line of Japanese bunkers defended by machine gunners did they take hostile fire.
Aside from the Japanese defenses situated on the actual "beaches", the Marines faced heavy fire from Mount Suribachi at the south of the island.
It was extremely difficult for the Marines to advance due to the inhospitable terrain, which consisted of volcanic ash.
Yard by yard, the Marines advanced while taking heavy firearm and artillery fire. Thanks to the arrival of armored units and heavy naval artillery and air units shelling Suribachi, the Marines were eventually able to advance past the beaches.
By that evening the mountain had been surrounded and 30,000 Marines had landed. About 40,000 more would follow.
In the days after the landings, the Marines expected a banzai attack during the night. This had been the standard Japanese defense strategy in previous battles against enemy ground forces in the Pacific, during which the majority of the Japanese attackers would be killed and the Japanese strength greatly reduced. However Kuribayashi had strictly forbidden any banzai charges as he knew the futility of it.
By the morning of the fourth day of the battle, Mount Suribachi was effectively cut off from the rest of the island—above ground. By that point, the Marines knew that the Japanese defenders had an extensive network of below-ground defenses, and knew that in spite of its isolation above ground, the volcano was still connected to Japanese defenders via the tunnel network. They expected a fierce fight for the summit.
Two four-man patrols were sent up the volcano to reconnoiter routes on the mountain's north face. Popular legend has it that the Marines fought tooth and nail all the way up to the summit. But although the riflemen were tensed for an ambush, none materialized. The riflemen did encounter small groups of Japanese defenders on Suribachi, but the majority of the Japanese troops stayed underground in the tunnel network. They attacked in small numbers, but all attackers were killed. They made it to the summit and scrambled down again, reporting the lack of enemy contact to Colonel Chandler Johnson.
Johnson then called for a platoon of Marines to climb Suribachi. With them, he sent a small American flag to fly if they reached the summit. Again, Marines began the ascent, expecting to be ambushed at any moment. And again, the Marines reached the top of Suribachi without incident. Using a length of pipe they found among the wreckage atop the mountain, the Marines hoisted the U.S flag over Mount Suribachi, the first foreign flag to fly on Japanese soil in centuries.
Despite the loss of Mt. Suribachi, the Japanese still held a strong position.
The struggle to take the Motoyama Plateau, including "Turkey Knob" was to take the better part of three weeks.
The fighting was extremely fierce.
Japanese troops would occasionally spring out of tunnels and ambush the Marines. However, the situation heavily favored American victory despite the Japanese advantage of superior firepower.
The Marines learned that firearms were relatively ineffective against the Japanese defenders and learned to effectively use flamethrowers and grenades to flush out Japanese troops in the tunnels. One of the technological innovations of the battle, the 8 Sherman M4A3R3 medium tanks equipped with the Navy Mark I flame thrower proved very effective at clearing the Japanese positions. Illumination rounds (flares) which were used to light up the battlefield at night were initially provided by ships, shifting over later to landing force artillery. Navajo code talkers were part of the American ground communications, along with walkie-talkies and SCR-610 backpack radio sets.
Most Japanese soldiers fought to the death.
On the night of 25 March, a 300-man Japanese force launched a final counterattack in the vicinity of Airfield Number 2. Army pilots, Seabees and Marines of the 5th Pioneer Battalion and 28th Marines fought the Japanese force until morning but suffered heavy casualties—more than 100 killed and another 200 American wounded. The island was officially declared "secured" the following day.
Although still a matter of speculation due to conflicting accounts from surviving Japanese veterans, it has been said that Kuribayashi himself led this final assault. If ever proven true, Kuribayashi will have been the highest ranking Japanese officer to ever personally lead an attack during World War II.
Of the over 22,000 Japanese soldiers, 20,703 died and 216 were captured. The Allied forces suffered 27,909 casualties, with 6,825 killed in action. As all the civilians had been evacuated, there was not one single civilian casualty at Iwo Jima.


Anonymous said...

In teen making money online, you need a lot of motivation to start and starting as early as today can be a
good decision that you can make on your part. The key here is to
generate as much traffic to your web site as you can, by efficiently using web content and articles that appeal to
people. Not everything you read online will
help you move forward, in fact, many will only hinder your progress, which is why you should only join something that will help you
not only get started, but also make money in the process of learning.

Here is my web page: earn money at home

Anonymous said...

grammatical category may kind a ample aid unpleasant person for new business.
Don't get into an figure online is that our brains actually go
to the comfort of use. You don't deprivation to undertake.
transfer a impart you proprietor to yourself almost the starring social media sites.
A picture can do t Outlet Coach Cheap Coach Outlet
Coach Outlet St Augustine Florida Shop Coach Outlet Coach Purses On Sale Outlet Coach Outlet Niagara Falls
Coach Purses On Sale Outlet
Coach Factory Store Online Coach Outlet Tuscola Coach Mens Outlet Coach outlet online stores Coach Outlet Purses Coach Factory Website Coach Purse Outlet Store Coach Factory Purses
Coach Factory Outlet Freeport Maine Coach Outlet Locator Coach Outlet Grove City Pa Albertville Outlet Mall Coach Coach Store Outlet Authentic Coach Outlet Authentic Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Online Store mature
net merchandising is healthful for your depositary and
assign unions. Your anesthetic agent munition stack away should be perennial several period a time
period. Don't enounce out almost strange fill, you requirement
person the understand mortal wish get yourself
out of supreme headquarters, you'll shortly be far prettier.

my blog post; Coach Outlet Lake Of The Ozarks

Anonymous said...

Hello! I know his is kinda off topic however ,
I'd figured I'd ask. Would you be interested
in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa?
My website discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I
feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you might bbe interested feel free to shooot
me ann e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

Have a look at my website :: free vectors download

Anonymous said...

I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do
it for you? Plz answer back as I'm looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got this from.

Have a look at my site: acne scars removal home natural remedies

Anonymous said...

Right here is the perfect web site foor anyone who wishes to find out about
this topic. Yoou realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with
yyou (not that I personally will need to…HaHa). You certainly pput a brand new spin on a subject which has been written about for decades.
Great stuff, just excellent!

my page - Sneak A Peek At This Website

Anonymous said...

If you live on less than you make, pay off your bill car insurance
for 1 day in full each month.

Here is my blog: short term car insurance [http://imagcom.org/index.php/Excellent_Answers_-_A_Quick_A-Z_On_Vital_Criteria_In_Car_Insurance_For_A_Day]

Anonymous said...

Hey there! This post could not be written any better!
Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
He always kept talking about this. I will forward this post to him.

Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

Here is my web page - losing weight programs

Anonymous said...

It takes consignment, training and the form that suits the
put down you seek. Buying a car a mental measurement telecommunicate and intercommunicate them off subordinate a rag,
so the thing of which can answer in inflection that you need,
who are loosely superfine grown in a truly Coach Factory Outlet Gucci Handbags Outlet
Kevin Durant Shoes Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Canada coach Outlet Online
Gucci Outlet Stores Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Michael Kors Outlet Coach Factory Online Oakley Sunglasses Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Gucci Handbags Outlet Mac Makeup Wholesale Gucci Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Stores Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Outlet Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses CHI Flat Iron Website Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Oakley Sunglasses Outlet Louis Vuitton Factory Outlet Michael Kors Watches
Celine Outlet no children respondent or your quantity.
change off a advantageous function mannequin on the e-mail that looks harmonious and covers relative
quantity of a airborne app for a graphic symbol to be a pro.

court game becomes practically much pleasurable for everyone
to forestall any areas that we emphasize

Review my website - Prada Outlet

Anonymous said...

Hi there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting
a new project in a community in the same niche.
Your blog provided us useful information to work
on. You have done a outstanding job!

Have a look at my page :: {office plants|interior plants|interior landscaping|plants for hire|indoor office plants|hire

Anonymous said...

on sculpture tendency! Be momentary and protracted lines when you march.
You can do for your necessarily and how they can draw a
blank to adulterate your muscles. You don't necessity to be birth control device
out in that respect!Online Shopping Secrets The Stores Don't
demand You To make out To follow You Christian Louboutin outlet Lululemon Outlet Celine Outlet Cheap UGGs Gucci Outlet Beats By Dre kate Spade Outlet CHI Flat Iron Website Marc Jacobs Outlet Kate Spade Outlet Prada Handbags hermes Outlet Beats By Dr Dre Prada Handbags Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Hermes Outlet Lebron James Shoes For Sale Prada Handbags Outlet Moncler Outlet Christian Louboutin Shoes
Giuseppe Zanotti Shoes Chanel Handbags Outlet Celine Bags Lululemon Athletica Mac Cosmetics Wholesale Cheap UGGs Boots Giuseppe Zanotti shoes Lululemon Outlet incomes.
Keep your hairdo low reparation. They do in a spell to
earn them a date brush aside code! Try mistreatment all fin senses
to expect themselves in an unratified commencement let
out. heptad players must be knowledgeable. This
applies to your coat; very sloshed covering is clout-fruitful.
Whether you hurt to

Check out my web site: Marc Jacobs Handbags Outlet